Optimization of nanostructured lipid carriers for Zidovudine delivery using a microwave-assisted production method

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


An adapted methodology for obtaining lipid nanoparticles that only uses the microwave reactor in the synthesis process was developed. The method has the following features: one-pot, one-step, fast, practical, economical, safe, readiness of scaling-up, lack of organic solvents and production of nanoparticles with low polydispersity index (PDI) (below 0.3).

This new method was applied for the development of nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) loaded with a hydrophilic drug, the antiretroviral agent zidovudine (AZT). The aim of the present work was to develop, evaluate and compare optimized NLC formulations produced by two different methods – hot ultrasonication and microwave-assisted method. The development and optimization of the NLC formulations were supported by a Quality by Design (QbD) approach.

All formulations were physicochemically characterized by the same parameters. The optimized formulations presented a suitable profile for oral administration (particle size between 100 and 300 nm, PDI < 0.3 and negative zeta potential >−20 mV). Furthermore, the morphologies assessed by TEM showed spherical shape and confirmed the results obtained by DLS. Both AZT loaded formulations were physically stable for at least 45 days and non-toxic on Jurkat T cells. Drug release studies showed a controlled release of AZT under gastric and plasma-simulated conditions.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles