Liposils: An effective strategy for stabilizing Paclitaxel loaded liposomes by surface coating with silica

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The present work aims at improving stability of paclitaxel (PTX) loaded liposomes by its coating with silica on the surface by a modified sol-gel method. Effect of various components of liposomes such as phosphatidylcholine to cholesterol ratio (PC:CH), PTX and stearylamine on entrapment efficiency (% EE) and particle size were systematically investigated and optimized using central composite design on Design-Expert®. The optimized liposomes were utilized as a template for silica coating to prepare surface coated PTX liposils. Physical stability of liposomes and liposils was evaluated with Triton X-100 and the results indicated that liposils were much more stable as compared to liposomes and the same has been reiterated in stability study performed over 6 months. In vitro cytotoxicity study on B16F10 tumor cells showed cytotoxicity of PTX liposils was not significantly different than PTX liposomes, whereas both were less cytotoxic as compared to the commercial Taxol®. In vivo pharmacokinetics on rats, exhibited increased T1/2 of liposils when compared to liposomes and Taxol®, thus releasing the drug over a longer duration. The enhanced physicochemical stability as well as controlled release of PTX in liposils developed in this study could be an effective alternative to Taxol® and PTX liposomes.Graphical abstract

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