Indomethacin functionalised poly(glycerol adipate) nanospheres as promising candidates for modified drug release

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The linear polyester poly(glycerol adipate) (PGA) with its free pendant hydroxyl groups was covalently grafted with indomethacin which yields polymeric prodrugs. It was possible to produce nanospheres with narrow particle size distribution of these polymer-drug conjugates with an optimized interfacial deposition method. Nanospheres were characterized by zeta potential measurements, dynamic light scattering, electron microscopy and nanoparticle tracking analysis. Moreover, cell viability studies and cytotoxicity tests in three different cell lines were carried out showing low toxicity for three different degrees of grafting. In addition, the nanospheres had (in contrast to the free drug) low hemolytic activity in vitro.Release studies of nanodispersions are challenging. The use of a specially developed setup with highly porous aluminum oxide membranes enabled us to overcome problems associated with other setups (e.g. dialysis membranes). A slow and controlled release profile without any burst was observed over 15 days. The results indicate that indomethacin-PGA conjugates can be formulated successfully as nanospheres with the desired characteristics of small size with narrow distribution, controlled drug release and low toxicity. The newly developed particles have the potential to improve the therapy of inflammation and associated diseases.Graphical abstract

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