Mortality due to mental and behavioral disorders associated with the Great Recession (2008–10) in Italy: a time trend analysis

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Abstract

We estimated the proportion of deaths due to mental and behavioral disorders attributable to the Great Recession (2008–10) in Italy. Data on standardized death rates due to mental and behavioral disorders per 100 000 from 2000 to 2010 were provided by the Italian Health for All database. There were an additional 0.303 per 100 000 deaths per year (95% CI: 0.192, 0.478; P = 0.001) because of the crisis. Each annual decrease of €1000 in gross domestic product per capita was associated with an increase of 0.126 per 100 000 (95% CI: 0.046, 0.205; P = 0.004) deaths; every annual 1% increase in unemployment corresponded to an increase of 0.074 per 100 000 (95% CI: 0.032, 0.117; P = 0.002) deaths.

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