Multiple Trauma in Young and Elderly: Are There Any Differences?

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Abstract

Background:

Old age is considered a risk factor; however, its effect on the prognosis of injured elderly patients remains uncertain.

Aim:

To find the effect of old age on final outcome of elderly patients withmultiple trauma and to determine whether a different therapeutic approach is needed.

Methods:

All patients with at least two injured body regions, as defined by the ISS, of grade 4 in AIS, were included.

Results:

We studied 165 patients up to 64 years (Y) of age and 56 patients older than 65 years (E) in a 10-year period. On presentation 21.2% of Y and 25% of E, were hypovolemic (p = NS). No significant difference in number of injuries/patient was noted between Y and E patients, hemodynamically stable (HS) and unstable (HU) - (3.0 vs. 2.9 and 3.9 vs. 3.6). An increased relative frequency of chest and abdomen injuries was noted in Y and E, who died or were HU on presentation. A higher relative frequency of long bone and pelvis fractures was noted in the E. The ISS was not different among HS and HU, Y and E. Hospitalization in ICU was more common in E than in Y (69.6 vs. 47.3%), but there was no difference in the final outcome: overall mortality was 10.3% in Y versus 16.1% in E (p = NS), mortality in HU was 42.9% in Y versus 50% in E (p = NS). ISS was not associated with mortality in either group.

Conclusions:

Old age has no influence on final outcome of E multi trauma patients; hence, the therapeutic approach of these patients should be the same in Y.

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