Substituent Effects in 0.65Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3O30.35PbTiO3 Piezoelectric Ceramics

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Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3O3–-PbTiO3 (PMN-PT) ceramics with base compositions close to the morphotropic phase boundary are potential materials for many applications such as transducers and actuators due to their high dielectric constants and electromechanical coupling factors. However, their dielectrical and mechanical losses are too high for high-power applications. In this paper, the dielectric and electromechanical properties of piezoelectric PMN-PT ceramics were investigated in specimens containing various A-site and B-site substituents with the goal of developing lower loss materials for wider applications. Emphasis was placed on various transition metal cation substituents of both lower and higher valences. Mn substituent was found to be the most promising substituent investigated for developing high power low loss piezoelectric PMN-PT ceramics.

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