Characteristics of femur fractures in ambulatory young children

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objectives

To determine and identify the characteristics and circumstances of femur fractures in ambulatory young children.

Design and setting

Retrospective review of 203 ambulatory children, between 1 and 5 years old, presenting with femur fractures to an urban paediatric hospital over a 10-year period. χ2 And Student's t test were employed for statistical analysis.

Results

The mean age was 36.6 months, with 155 (76.2%) being male. The most frequent mechanism of injury was fall from a height (n=62, 30.5%). The highest number of injuries occurred in 2–3-year-olds. The most common history in 1–2-year-olds was stumbling on/over something causing a fall. For 4–5 year olds it was road traffic accidents. Other additional physical findings were infrequent (14.3%) and not suspicious of inflicted injury. Child protective services concluded three of the cases to be likely non-accidental, and four cases were inconclusive but requiring close follow-up. Of these seven children, six occurred in 1–2-year-olds. No distinguishing feature was noted in fracture type or location.

Conclusions

Femur fractures can occur with low velocity injury whether from a short fall or twisting/stumbling injury in young healthy ambulatory children.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles