Comparison of two clinical scoring systems for emergency department risk stratification of suspected acute coronary syndrome

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Abstract

Objective:

To compare two methods of risk stratification for suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the ED.

Methods:

A prospective observational multicentre study was undertaken of patients undergoing evaluation in the ED for possible ACS. We compared the National Heart Foundation of Australia/Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (NHF/CSANZ) guideline and the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk score for differentiating high- and low-risk patients. Composite outcome was all cause death, myocardial infarction or coronary revascularisation within 30 days.

Results:

Of 1758 enrolments, 223 (13%) reached the study outcome. Area under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.79 (95% CI 0.76–0.81) for the NHF/CSANZ group and 0.71 (0.68–0.75) for TIMI score based on initial troponin result (P < 0.001), and 0.82 (95% CI 0.80–0.84) and 0.76 (0.73–0.79) respectively when the 8–12 h troponin result is included (P = 0.001). Thirty day event rates were 33% for NHF/CSANZ high-risk vs 1.5% for combined low/intermediate risk (P < 0.001). For TIMI score, 30 day event rates were 23% for a score ≥2 and 4.8% for TIMI < 2 (P < 0.001). The NHF/CSANZ guideline identified more patients as low risk compared with the TIMI risk score (61% vs 48%, P < 0.001).

Conclusions:

The NHF/CSANZ guideline is superior to the TIMI risk score for risk stratification of suspected ACS in the ED.

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