Algorithms and Software for Meteor Detection

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Abstract

An ever increasing variety of electronic instrumentation is being brought to bear in meteor studies and analysis, with unique meteor detection challenges arising from the attempt to do automated and near real-time processing of the imagery. Recent algorithm developments in the literature have been applied and implemented in software to provide reliable meteor detection in all-sky imagers, wide-field intensified video, and narrow field-of-view telescopic systems. The algorithms that have been employed for meteor streak detection include Hough transforms with phase coded disk, localized Hough transforms with matched filtering, and fast moving cluster detection. They have found application in identifying meteor tracks in the Spanish Fireball Network all-sky images, detailed analysis of video recordings during the recent Leonid meteor storms, and development of a detection/cueing technology system for rapid slew and tracking of meteors.

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