Leakage Along Apical Root Fillings in Curved Root Canals. Part I: Effects of Apical Transportation on Seal of Root Fillings

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Occurrence of apical transportation (AT) may complicate the root filling procedure and result in a compromised seal. In part I of this study, human mandibular premolars with single, curved (21 to 39 degrees), or straight canals were prepared by Lightspeed or a step-back hand filing technique. An AT index was determined using a double exposure radiographic technique. The prepared canals were obturated using lateral condensation of gutta-percha. Leakage along the apical 3 mm of root filling was measured with a fluid transport model. After hand filing, AT and perforation occurred in 87% of the curved canals. The AT indices were ≥0.4 mm. After Lightspeed preparation, AT occurred in only 19% of the curved canals. The hand filing/curved group leaked statistically significantly more than the hand filing/straight and Lightspeed/curved groups (p = 0.002). We conclude that occurrence of AT is a factor that negatively influences the apical seal when curved canals are obturated by lateral condensation of gutta-percha.

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