In Vitro Yeast Infection of Human Dentin

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An in vitro model was developed for investigation of Candida albicans penetration into human dentinal tubules. The model consisted of a dentin disc mounted between two cuvettes that each had a circular opening facing the disc. The cuvettes were filled with Tryptic-Soy-Broth, and the pulpal side cuvette was inoculated with C. albicans and incubated at 37°C in air until growth occurred in the uninoculated cuvette or up to 30 days. The system was also used with Enterococcus faecalis.Completely glue-covered dentin specimens served as negative controls. Brown & Brenn-stained histological preparations of the specimens were examined with light microscopy. The time needed before growth occurred in the uninoculated cuvette showed great variation with C. albicans, whereas E. faecalis penetrated within 1 to 5 days of incubation. Slight penetration both by hyphae and yeast cells was observed in specimens inoculated with C. albicans, whereas specimens inoculated with E. faecalis showed deep and effective penetration. This study demonstrates the penetration of dentin as a possible pathway of infection by C. albicans. However, dentin penetration by C. albicans was slow and limited in comparison with E. faecalis.

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