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The X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets is a rare metabolic disorder characterized by low serum phosphate levels caused by a decreased renal tubular reabsorption of inorganic phosphates. The initial complaints are a delay in the development of walking caused by deformity of the legs. Oral findings include poorly mineralized dentin, enlarged pulp chambers and root canals, and periradicular abscesses in caries-free teeth. We present three patients from the same family with X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets showing bone and dental alterations.