|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of hand instruments and rotary nickel titanium Flex-Master files used by eight experienced dentists in private practice on the extent of straightening of curved root canals. In patients, 110 canals were prepared by FlexMaster instruments, and 84 canals were enlarged using hand instruments. After instrumentation, all canals were obturated. Preoperative and postoperative radiographs were taken of each tooth using customized bite blocks. Straightening of the canal curvatures was determined with a computer image analysis program. Preparation time and size of the master apical file were also recorded. The use of FlexMaster instruments resulted in significantly less straightening and a shorter preparation time (p < 0.0001) compared with hand instrumentation. Master apical file sizes were significantly greater for FlexMaster than for hand instruments (p < 0.01). This clinical study indicates that FlexMaster instruments prepared curved canals rapidly and with only minimal straightening.