Interleukin-1 α Alters the Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases and Collagen Degradation by Pulp Fibroblasts

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) have been suggested to play a role in dental pulp destruction. This study examined the effects of interleukin (IL)-1 α on pulp fibroblasts. The ability of these cells to degrade collagen was determined with or without IL-1 α utilizing a cell-mediated collagen degradation assay. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was utilized to examine the mRNA expression of multiple MMPs and TIMPs with and without IL-1 α, while Western blot analyses and zymography were utilized to examine their protein expression. The collagen degradation mediated by these cells was stimulated by IL-1 α and inhibited by MMP inhibitors. IL-1 α increased the mRNA expression of MMP-1 and MMP-3, as well as induced MMP-7. Western blot analyses confirmed these results. IL-1 α increased the secreted protein level of TIMP-1, while only slightly affected the level of TIMP-2. These results suggest that IL-1 α can induce pulp destruction by differentially regulating MMPs and TIMPs.

    loading  Loading Related Articles