The Pulpal Origin of Immunoglobulins in Dentin Beneath Caries: An Immunohistochemical Study

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Immunoglobulins localized in uninfected dentin beneath caries are thought to be protective, but their origin remains controversial. We reasoned that the localization and dominance of serum IgG1 would support the pulpal origin of the immunoglobulins while a predominance of secretory component (SC) bearing IgA1 and IgA2 would support their salivary origin. The prevalence and staining intensity of IgG1, IgA1, IgA2, IgM, and SC in uninfected dentinal tubules beneath shallow, deep caries, and noncaries teeth were examined immunohistologically. SC was only localized in caries, and IgG1 was the predominant subclass in uninfected dentinal tubules beneath shallow and deep caries, followed by IgA1. In noncaries teeth, IgG1 was localized on the pulpal end. The intensity of IgG1 was significantly higher than either IgA1 or IgA2 in both shallow and deep caries. Our data support the serum origin of immunoglobulins in uninfected dentin beneath caries.

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