Sealing Ability of Three Materials in the Orifice of Root Canal Systems Obturated With Gutta-Percha

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There were 130 single roots randomly assigned to one of 12 experimental or two control groups. Forty specimens each were sealed with 1, 2, 3, or 4 mm of Cavit, ProRoot MTA, or Tetric. After creation of a uniform orifice diameter, the smear layer was removed and the canal systems obturated using warm lateral compaction of gutta-percha (GP). GP was removed to the experimental depth, experimental materials placed in the orifice, and roots submerged in India ink in a vacuum flask. Specimens were demineralized and leakage measured using a 10× stereomicroscope and graded for depth of leakage by one calibrated, blinded rater. There was no significant interaction (p > 0.05) between test materials and orifice depths, nor main effect of orifice depth (p > 0.05). However, there was a statistically significant main effect of test materials with Tetric demonstrating a significantly better seal than Pro Root or Cavit (p < 0.0001) irrespective of orifice depth.

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