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Multiple idiopathic cervical root resorption is an aggressive form of external root resorption that occurs at the cementoenamel junction and can affect multiple teeth (a minimum of 3) throughout the entire dentition. Most of the individuals affected are healthy with noncontributory medical histories. The resorption is usually detected as an incidental finding on radiographs or during dental examination. This case report describes an adult female with multiple cervical root resorptions who had been treated with chemotherapy for ovarian cancer at 16 years old. Nine years later, a total of 12 teeth were diagnosed with cervical root resorption. All of the known causative factors for external cervical resorption were discarded. To our knowledge, this is the first case reported of multiple cervical root resorption related to chemotherapy.