ASSESSMENT OF AACE/ACE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INITIAL DUAL ANTIHYPERGLYCEMIC THERAPY USING THE FIXED-DOSE COMBINATION OF SITAGLIPTIN AND METFORMIN VERSUS METFORMIN

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Abstract

Objective:

The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology (AACE/ACE) diabetes algorithm recommends a stratified approach to initial therapy to achieve a glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) goal of ≤6.5% in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who have inadequate glycemic control. Data from a double-blind study in drug-naïve T2DM patients comparing initial monotherapy with metformin (MET) with initial dual therapy with a fixed-dose combination of sitagliptin and MET (SITA/MET FDC) was used to determine AACE/ACE HbA1c goal attainment in these treatment groups.

Methods:

A total of 1,250 patients (mean baseline HbA1c = 9.9%) were randomized 1:1 to SITA/MET FDC 50/500 mg twice daily (b.i.d.) or MET 500 mg b.i.d. for 18 weeks. SITA/MET FDC and MET were uptitrated over 4 weeks to 50/1,000 mg b.i.d. and 1,000 mg b.i.d., respectively.

Results:

At week 18, a higher percentage of patients receiving SITA/MET FDC had HbA1c levels ≤6.5% and <7% than those receiving MET alone within each of the 3 AACE/ACE HbA1c categories (6.5–7.5%, >7.5–9.0%, and >9.0%). Of patients with a baseline HbA1c >7.5–9.0% who initiated SITA/MET FDC, 48.6% achieved an HbA1c ≤6.5% at week 18 compared with 23.1% of patients who initiated MET monotherapy (P<.001). In patients with a baseline HbA1c >9.0%, 24.0% on SITA/MET FDC achieved an HbA1c ≤6.5% compared with 12.8% on MET alone (P<.001).

Conclusion:

In T2DM patients with a baseline HbA1c >7.5–9.0%, substantially more achieved the HbA1c goal of ≤6.5% with initial dual therapy (SITA/MET FDC) than with initial monotherapy (MET), which is in agreement with the AACE/ACE diabetes algorithm. (Endocr Pract. 2013;19:751–757)

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