Effectiveness of a Fenestrated Stent-Graft: Endovascular Repair of Ascending Aortic Rupture:

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Purpose:To present a technique for endovascular treatment using a fenestrated stent-graft in a patient with ascending aortic rupture in the setting of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection.Case Report:A 62-year-old woman had undergone mastectomy and radiotherapy twice for breast cancer and then coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). She developed sternal osteomyelitis 5 years after the CABG. Sternectomy and negative-pressure wound drainage were performed, but the infection did not resolve. Ascending aortic rupture occurred 5 months after sternectomy. Endovascular therapy was considered the only effective means of achieving hemostasis. A custom-designed fenestrated stent-graft was deployed from the ascending aorta to the proximal descending aorta via a femoral artery approach without transient cardiac arrest. Bleeding completely stopped after surgery. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the inflammatory activity subsided on antibiotic therapy. At 7 months after surgery, the patient's recovery has been uneventful.Conclusion:Rupture of the ascending aorta associated with infection was successfully treated by stent-graft repair. The use of a custom-made, fenestrated stent-graft was an effective, lifesaving procedure for the management of this ascending aortic lesion.

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