Efficacy and Safety of Antegrade Common Femoral Artery Access Closure Using the Angio-Seal Device: Experience With 1889 Interventions for Critical Limb Ischemia in Diabetic Patients

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Purpose:To report a retrospective evaluation of the 6-F Angio-Seal closure device in antegrade and retrograde common femoral artery (CFA) punctures during endovascular procedures in diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI).Methods:From January 2005 to March 2009, 2374 diabetic CLI patients underwent interventional procedures in the lower limbs at a single center under systemic anticoagulation (heparin 70 U/kg). In this population, 2016 patients (1184 men; mean age 69.6±9.1 years) had 2372 CFA punctures treated with either manual compression [205 punctures in 161 (8.0%) patients] or Angio-Seal deployment (2167 punctures in 1855 patients) and were eligible for this analysis. In the study cohort, there were 1889 antegrade CFA punctures closed with the device in 1626 (87.6%) patients compared to 278 retrograde punctures sealed in 229 (12.4%) patients. The complications from the antegrade CFA punctures were compared to those from retrograde closure and manual compression.Results:The success rate for achieving hemostasis after antegrade and retrograde Angio-Seal placement was 97.9% and 97.8%, respectively. Major complications following antegrade Angio-Seal deployment, retrograde Angio-Seal deployment, and manual compression occurred in 20/1889 (1.1%), 5/278 (1.8%), and 4/205 (2.0%) cases, respectively. All complications developed within 24 hours of the procedure. No further complications were recorded in the 18-month follow-up (range 1-36). The overall complication rates after antegrade puncture closure, retrograde puncture closure, and manual compression at 30 days was 2.5%, 4.0%, and 4.9%, respectively (p = NS).Conclusion:This retrospective study shows that the 6-F Angio-Seal is a valuable and safe vascular closure device for percutaneous transfemoral antegrade access in diabetic patients undergoing interventional procedures for CLI.

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