Impact of Long-Term Warfarin Treatment on EVAR Durability: A Meta-Analysis

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Purpose:To evaluate whether postoperative long-term oral anticoagulation affects the durability of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and whether it is associated with an increased incidence of endoleak and subsequent need for reintervention.Methods:A literature search was performed to identify studies of abdominal aortic aneurysm patients undergoing EVAR including an arm receiving warfarin postoperatively and reporting the frequency of any endoleaks and/or persistent type II endoleaks and reinterventions. The search identified 81 articles, of which 5 observational cohort studies ultimately met the inclusion criteria.Results:Postoperative anticoagulation was required in 219 (14.6%) of the 1499 patients in the selected studies. The pooled effects analysis found that EVAR patients receiving long-term warfarin postoperatively had significantly more endoleaks of any type (OR 1.77, 95% CI 1.26 to 2.48, p=0.001) as well as persistent type II endoleaks (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.37, p=0.03) compared with patients not on anticoagulation; however, there was no statistically significant difference in the reintervention rate between the groups.Conclusion:Long-term anticoagulation in EVAR patients was associated with a statistically significant increase in any endoleak and persisting type II endoleaks, although it was not linked to an increased risk of reintervention. Close monitoring for EVAR patients who require long-term oral anticoagulation is advised.

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