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To evaluate whether postoperative long-term oral anticoagulation affects the durability of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and whether it is associated with an increased incidence of endoleak and subsequent need for reintervention.A literature search was performed to identify studies of abdominal aortic aneurysm patients undergoing EVAR including an arm receiving warfarin postoperatively and reporting the frequency of any endoleaks and/or persistent type II endoleaks and reinterventions. The search identified 81 articles, of which 5 observational cohort studies ultimately met the inclusion criteria.Postoperative anticoagulation was required in 219 (14.6%) of the 1499 patients in the selected studies. The pooled effects analysis found that EVAR patients receiving long-term warfarin postoperatively had significantly more endoleaks of any type (OR 1.77, 95% CI 1.26 to 2.48, p=0.001) as well as persistent type II endoleaks (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.37, p=0.03) compared with patients not on anticoagulation; however, there was no statistically significant difference in the reintervention rate between the groups.Long-term anticoagulation in EVAR patients was associated with a statistically significant increase in any endoleak and persisting type II endoleaks, although it was not linked to an increased risk of reintervention. Close monitoring for EVAR patients who require long-term oral anticoagulation is advised.