Low-dose Aspirin, Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs, Selective COX-2 Inhibitors and Breast Cancer Recurrence

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Abstract

Background:

Aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and selective COX-2 inhibitors may improve outcomes in breast cancer patients. We investigated the association of aspirin, NSAIDs, and use of selective COX-2 inhibitors with breast cancer recurrence.

Methods:

We identified incident stage I–III Danish breast cancer patients in the Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group registry, who were diagnosed during 1996–2008. Prescriptions for aspirin (>99% low-dose aspirin), NSAIDs, and selective COX-2 inhibitors were ascertained from the National Prescription Registry. Follow-up began on the date of breast cancer primary surgery and continued until the first of recurrence, death, emigration, or 1 January 2013. We used Cox regression models to compute hazard ratios (HR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) associating prescriptions with recurrence, adjusting for confounders.

Results:

We identified 34,188 breast cancer patients with 233,130 person-years of follow-up. Median follow-up was 7.1 years; 5,325 patients developed recurrent disease. Use of aspirin, NSAIDs, or selective COX-2 inhibitors was not associated with the rate of recurrence (HRadjusted aspirin = 1.0, 95% CI = 0.90, 1.1; NSAIDs = 0.99, 95% CI = 0.92, 1.1; selective COX-2 inhibitors = 1.1, 95% CI = 0.98, 1.2), relative to nonuse. Prediagnostic use of the exposure drugs was associated with reduced recurrence rates (HRaspirin = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.82, 1.0; HRNSAIDs = 0.86, 95% CI = 0.81, 0.91; HRsCOX-2inhibitors = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.83, 0.95).

Conclusions:

This prospective cohort study suggests that post diagnostic prescriptions for aspirin, NSAIDs, and selective COX-2 inhibitors have little or no association with the rate of breast cancer recurrence. Prediagnostic use of the drugs was, however, associated with a reduced rate of breast cancer recurrence.

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