The Application of Functional MRI of Memory in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: A Clinical Review

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Abstract

Summary

Functional MRI (fMRI) is a useful tool for noninvasively localizing areas in the brain involved in specific cognitive functions. Since its introduction, there has been considerable speculation regarding the role it may play in the presurgical assessment of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). This review considers the progress made to date in using fMRI to investigate memory processing in the medial temporal lobe in normal subjects and in those with TLE. Results so far suggest that fMRI will be incorporated into the presurgical assessment of TLE in the coming years to improve definition of eloquent cerebral areas, with the objective of minimizing the adverse cognitive sequelae of anterior temporal lobe resection.

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