Food protein-induced enterocolitis (FPIE) is a severe, cell-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity typically provoked by cow's milk [Joint Task Force of AAAAI and ACAAI Food allergy: a practice parameter. XVII. Differential diagnosis of adverse reaction to foods. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 96(3 Suppl 2):S40-S44 (2006)]. We present an infant who developed FPIE associated with enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections. The case suggests that enteral infection may have a role in the development of sensitization to food protein and the pathogenesis of FPIE.