Differential inverse agonist efficacies of SB-258719, SB-258741 and SB-269970 at human recombinant serotonin 5-HT7 receptors

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Recombinant 5-hydroxytryptamine 5-HT7 receptors are known to express constitutive, i.e., agonist-independent activity. Nonselective ligands, like methiothepin, ritanserin or clozapine behave as full inverse agonists at 5-HT7 receptors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the degree of inverse agonist activity of three selective 5-HT7 receptor antagonists ((R)-3,N-dimethyl-N-[1-methyl-3-(4-methyl-piperidin-1-yl)propyl]benzene sulfonamide or SB-258719, R-(+)-1-(toluene-3-sulfonyl)-2-[2-(4-methylpiperidin-1-yl)ethyl]-pyrrolidine or SB-258741 and (R)-3-(2-(2-(4-methylpiperidin-1-yl)ethyl)-pyrrolidine-1-sulfonyl)-phenol or SB-269970) in the same model. cAMP accumulation was measured in intact Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing human recombinant 5-HT7a receptors. In these cells, 5-HT stimulated cAMP levels and a series of ligands antagonized the effect of 5-HT with a 5-HT7 receptor-like profile. SB-258719 had no inverse agonist activity, SB-258741 behaved as a partial inverse agonist and SB-269970 was a quasi-full inverse agonist (as compared to methiothepin). The inverse agonist effect of SB-269970 was antagonized in a concentration-dependent manner by SB-258719. The widespread spectrum of inverse agonist activities shown by these compounds should help assessing the physiological relevance of constitutive 5-HT7 receptor activity in native tissues.

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