Ca2+ channel activating action of maitotoxin in cultured brainstem neurons

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

The actions of maitotoxin were studied using cultured brainstem cells and adrenal chromaffin cells. Maitotoxin induced a profound increase in the Ca2+ influx into cultured brainstem cells after a brief lag period. The maitotoxin-induced Ca2+ influx was suppressed by various voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel blockers such as Co2+, Mn2+, verapamil and diltiazem. Maitotoxin-catecholamine release in brainstem cells initiated to increase after a lag period of about 1min and the increase continued even at 4min after treatment, while in the adrenal chromaffin cells the release started after an about 1-min lag period to attain a maximum within first 2-min and gradually decrease thereafter. These results suggest that maitotoxin acts on Ca2+ channels to increase the Ca2+ influx, accompanied by enhancement of catecholamine release in the brainstem cells with a different temporal profile from that in the adrenal chromaffin cells.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles