Picrotoxin blocks the anxiolytic- and panicolytic-like effects of sodium valproate in the rat elevated T-maze

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

The effect of acute sodium valproate administration, an anxiolytic and putative panicolytic drug, was evaluated in rats tested in the elevated T-maze, an animal model that measures two defensive reactions: avoidance (inhibitory avoidance), related to generalized anxiety, and escape (escape from open arms), related to panic. Additionally, the involvement of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmission in sodium valproate effects was studied by picrotoxin co-administration. Sodium valproate (300 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, 30 min before the test) impaired both avoidance latency (time to leave the closed arm) and one-way escape (latency to enter the closed arm) indicating anxiolytic and panicolytic effects, respectively. Pre-treatment with picrotoxin (0.5 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, 5 min before sodium valproate administration) blocked the effects of sodium valproate on inhibitory avoidance and one-way escape. No locomotor effect was seen in the open-field. These data suggest that sodium valproate exerts anxiolytic-like and panicolytic-like effects in the elevated T-maze and that these effects were mediated by picrotoxin-sensitive GABA type A receptors.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles