We previously reported that in mesenteric arteries from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, the endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-type relaxation is impaired, possibly due to a reduced action of cAMP. Here, we observed an impairment of acetylcholine-induced EDHF-type relaxation in mesenteric arteries from a type 2 diabetic model, Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats [vs. age-matched control Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats], and we investigated the mechanism underlying this impairment. In the LETO group, this EDHF-type relaxation was attenuated by 18α-glycyrrhetinic acid (a gap-junction inhibitor) and by a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor. In both groups (OLETF and LETO), it was enhanced by 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, a cAMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, but following these enhancements it was still weaker in OLETF rats than in LETO rats. The relaxations induced by cilostamide (a selective PDE3 inhibitor) and 8-bromo-cAMP (a cell-permeant cAMP analog) were reduced in OLETF rats, as was PKA activity. The relaxations induced by two activators of Ca2+-activated K+ channels (KCa) [1-ethyl-2-benzimidazolinone (1-EBIO), intermediate-conductance KCa channel (IKCa) activator, and riluzole, small-conductance KCa channel (SKCa) activator] were also impaired in OLETF rats. We conclude that the impairment of EDHF-type relaxation seen in OLETF rats may be attributable not only to a reduction in cAMP/PKA signaling, but also to reduced endothelial KCa channel activities.