Interaction between prostaglandin E2 and l-cis-diltiazem, a specific blocker of cyclic nucleotide gated channels in bovine aortic endothelial cells

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Abstract

Prostaglandins are known to transduce their signals via 7 transmembrane prostanoid receptors, which typically signal through coupling to G proteins and downstream second messenger molecules and protein kinase activation. Recently we have shown that cyclic nucleotides affect prostaglandins binding to bovine aortic endothelial cells independent of protein kinases. Here we show that incubation of bovine aortic endothelial cells with permeable analogs of cAMP or cGMP leads to a rapid and reversible reduction in PGE2 binding to the cells. Since cyclic nucleotides are known modulators of cyclic nucleotide gated channels, we examined the effect of a specific cyclic nucleotide gated channel blocker l-cis-diltiazem on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) binding to bovine aortic endothelial cells. L-cis-diltiazem is shown to displace PGE2 binding to bovine aortic endothelial cells in a dose dependent manner. In addition the effect of PGE2 and l-cis-diltiazem on thapsigargin induced calcium elevation in the cells was compared. Both agents reduced in bovine aortic endothelial cells the thapsigargin induced calcium elevation by about half. PGE2 also retarded the time course of the response to thapsigargin. Simultaneous treatment of the cells with both PGE2 and l-cis-diltiazem did not yield an inhibitory effect beyond that observed with l-cis-diltiazem alone. Together our data point at the cyclic nucleotide gated channels as a feasible candidate for association with the PGE2 binding site in bovine aortic endothelial cells.

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