We have previously demonstrated that gabapentin supraspinally activates the descending noradrenergic system to produce analgesic effects after peripheral nerve injury. To further establish the neurochemical basis for its supraspinally mediated analgesic action, concentrations of spinal noradrenaline, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylglycol (MHPG), serotonin (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and dopamine were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography in a murine neuropathic pain model that was prepared by partial ligation of the sciatic nerve (the Seltzer model). Intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) administered gabapentin (100 and 300 μg) increased the spinal MHPG concentration and the MHPG/noradrenaline ratio and alleviated mechanical hypersensitivity, whereas the concentrations of noradrenaline, 5-HT, 5-HIAA and dopamine were unchanged. By contrast, i.c.v. gabapentin neither affected the spinal MHPG concentration and MHPG/noradrenaline ratio nor exhibited analgesic effects in animals subjected to a sham operation. In addition, spinal monoamine levels in ligated animals were not changed after intrathecal administration of gabapentin which however generated analgesic effects. Thus, the supraspinally mediated analgesic effects of gabapentin are correlated with an increase in spinal noradrenaline turnover.