In the present study, we compared the effects of α-tocopherol and probucol, antioxidants, on the healing of acetic acid-induced gastric ulcers in 8-, 48- and 96-week-old rats. The repeated oral administration of α-tocopherol (16 mg/kg twice daily) and probucol (1000 mg/kg twice daily) for 14 consecutive days markedly accelerated the gastric ulcer healing in 48- and 96-week-old rats as well as 8-week-old ones. The ulcer healing effects of both drugs were not significantly different among the rats at three different ages. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the ulcerated region of 8-, 48- and 96-week-old rats was markedly lower than that in the unulcerated region. In contrast, the thiobarbituric acid (TBA)-reactive substance content, an index of lipid peroxidation, in the ulcerated region of rats at three different ages markedly increased, as compared to that in the unulcerated region. The SOD activity tended to decrease with aging, while the TBA-reactive substance content gradually increased. The repeated administration of α-tocopherol and probucol accelerated the ulcer healing and inhibited the increase in the TBA-reactive substance content in the ulcerated region. These results suggest that α-tocopherol and probucol promote the ulcer healing by their potent antioxidant activities in 48- and 96-week-old rats as well as 8-week-old rats.