The enhanced disposal of glucose by the peripheral tissue is an important mechanism to regulate hyperglycemia. Here, we investigated the effect of Arnebin-1 from Arnebia nobilis, on glucose disposal in skeletal muscle cells and explored its in vivo antihyperglycemic potential. In L6 myotubes, Arnebin-1 stimulated glucose uptake, mediated through the enhanced translocation of the glucose transporter-4 (GLUT4) to plasma membrane, without changing the amount of GLUT4 or GLUT1. These effects of Arnebin-1 were synergistic with that of insulin. The effect of Arnebin-1 on glucose uptake was abolished in presence of wortmannin, and Arnebin-1 significantly stimulated the phosphorylation of Akt and downstream marker GSK-3β. Moreover, treatment with Arnebin-1 lowered postprandial blood glucose levels in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, and improved glucose tolerance and suppressed the rises in the fasting blood glucose, serum insulin, triglycerides, and total cholesterol in db/db mice, associated with enhanced expression of the major marker of the PI-3-Kinase-mediated signaling cascade in skeletal muscle. These findings suggest that Arnebin-1 exert antihyperglycemic activity through stimulating glucose disposal in peripheral tissues via PI-3-Kinase-dependent pathway.