Protective effect of forsythiaside A on OVA-induced asthma in mice

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Forsythiaside A (FSA), an active constituent isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Forsythia suspensa, has been known to have anti-inflammatory effect. However, the effect of FSA on allergic airway inflammation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of FSA on OVA-induced asthma in mice. Mice model of asthma was induced by OVA. OVA-induced airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and inflammatory cells in BALF were detected. The production of IgE, IL-4, IL-5, IFN-γ, and IL-13 were detected by ELISA. The effects of FSA on Nrf2 and NF-κB signaling pathways were detected by western blot analysis. The results showed that treatment of FSA significantly attenuated OVA-induced lung histopathological changes. FSA inhibited OVA-induced AHR and inflammatory cells in BALF. OVA-induced IgE, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 production were also inhibited by FSA. Western blot analysis showed that treatment of FSA inhibited OVA-induced NF-κB activation. Treatment of FSA dose-dependently up-regulated the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1. In addition, we found that FSA up-regulated the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 both in A549 cells and MS-H cells. Taken together, FSA suppressed inflammatory responses in OVA-induced asthma through activating Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway. FSA may be a promising potential preventive agent for asthma treatment.

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