The effect of levetiracetam on rat bone mineral density, bone structure and biochemical markers of bone metabolism

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Some data suggest that exposure to levetiracetam (LEV) might be associated with a risk for bone health in the model of orchidectomized rats. The aim of this study was to investigate if there is any significant risk of LEV for bone health in the model of gonadally intact animals.

Wistar rats were divided into a control group and a test group, 8 rats in each group. The control rats received standard laboratory diet (SLD) while rats in the test group were fed SLD enriched with LEV for 12 weeks. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure BMD of the whole body, femur and lumbar vertebrae. The concentrations of bone markers were examined in bone homogenate. Both femurs and tibiae were used for biomechanical testing.

We found in the LEV group significantly decreased absolute and relative values of adipose tissue, higher whole-body BMD, higher right tibia cortical thickness, and a significantly increased concentration of Bone Alkaline Phosphatase (BALP) and cross-linked C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I) compared with the control group.

The results suggest that the long-term administration of LEV in the model of gonadally intact rats does not have a negative effect on bone. Significant increase in BMD and cortical thickness of the right tibia may indicate even a positive influence on the properties of bone. Further studies will be necessary in animals and humans to confirm these findings.

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