DSP-6952, a novel 5-HT4 receptor partial agonist, inhibits visceral hypersensitivity and ameliorates gastrointestinal dysfunction in experimental animals

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Abstract

The pharmacological profile of DSP-6952, a novel 5-HT4 receptor partial agonist, was investigated to evaluate the potential use for GI disorders, and to compare its effects in some GI dysfunction models with those of clinically efficacious prokinetic agents. DSP-6952 enhanced gastric motility and caused colonic giant migrating contractions (GMCs) associated with defecation in conscious dogs, having ED50 value for inducing GMCs of 1.56 mg/kg. DSP-6952 (3–10 mg/kg, i.g.) significantly enhanced colonic transit rate in guinea pigs; this enhancement was antagonized by SB-207266, a selective 5-HT4 receptor antagonist. DSP-6952 (1–10 mg/kg, p.o.) rapidly increased fecal wet weight without increasing fluid content in mice. Sennoside (30–100 mg/kg, p.o.) also increased fecal wet weight; however, it significantly increased fluid content with diarrhea. DSP-6952 dose-dependently improved clonidine- and morphine-induced delay in whole-gut transit in mice (ED50= 0.429 mg/kg and 0.310 mg/kg, respectively), which represented atonic and spastic constipation models, respectively. In viscerally hypersensitive rats treated with acetic acid, DSP-6952 (10 mg/kg, i.p., 30 mg/kg, p.o., 30 mg/kg, i.c.) and tegaserod (1 mg/kg, i.p.), but not prucalopride (10 mg/kg, i.p.), significantly inhibited the increase in colorectal distension-induced visceromotor response; these findings suggest that DSP-6952 and tegaserod inhibit visceral hypersensitivity in rats. It was concluded that DSP-6952, a novel and orally available 5-HT4 receptor agonist, induced colonic GMCs, enhanced colonic transit, increased defecation without inducing diarrhea, improved drug-induced delay in whole-gut transit, and inhibited visceral hypersensitivity in experimental animals. Therefore, DSP-6952 is expected to become a useful drug for treatment of IBS-C and chronic constipation.

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