Pharmacological rescue of mutated Kv3.1 ion-channel linked to progressive myoclonus epilepsies

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Abstract

Progressive myoclonus epilepsies (PMEs) constitute a cluster of inherent, genetically diverse, rare seizure disorders characterized by ataxia, tonic-clonic seizures, and action myoclonus. Recently, a mutation in the KCNC1 gene (Arg320His) was described in a group of PME patients. The KCNC1 gene encodes the Kv3.1 potassium ion channel responsible for the rapid repolarization of the membrane potential following action potential firing in fast spiking GABAergic interneurons (FSI), thereby enabling high firing frequency. In the present study, we demonstrate that the Arg320His mutation cause a reduction in the Kv3.1 current amplitude and acts in a dominantly negative fashion. The mutation profoundly affects channel activation and deactivation kinetics, and we further find that it impairs recruitment of the Kv3.1 channel to the plasma membrane. The Kv3 activating compound, RE01, partly rescues the electrophysiological deficit, suggesting that pharmacological activation of Kv3.1 activity might be a feasible approach for treatment of this cohort of PME patients.

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