Perioperative Complications Following Surgery for Necrotizing Enterocolitis


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Abstract

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating condition that mainly affects premature infants. Advanced cases of NEC require surgical treatment, which in up to 70% of infants is associated with significant perioperative morbidity including anastomosis- or enterostomy-related complications, sepsis, peritonitis, and wound infections. Moreover, the perioperative complications may compromise the long-term gastrointestinal and neurodevelopmental outcome of patients requiring surgery for NEC.

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