Percutaneous coronary interventions in Europe 1992–2001

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Abstract

Aims

The purpose of this registry is to collect data on trends in interventional cardiology within Europe. Special interest focuses on relative increases and ratios in newer re-vascularisation approaches and its distribution in different regions in Europe. We report the data of the year 2001 and give an overview of the development of coronary interventions since 1992, when the first data collection was performed.

Methods and Results

Questionnaires were distributed to delegates of the individual national societies of cardiology represented in the European Society of Cardiology. These were completed by the local institutions and operators and showed that 1,806,238 angiograms and 617,176 percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasties (PTCAs) were performed in 2001. This is an increase of 10% and 17%, respectively, compared with the year 2000. The population-adjusted PTCA rate rose from nearly 800 procedures per 106 inhabitants in the year 2000 to approximately 990 procedures per 106 inhabitants in 2001. Coronary stenting increased by 25% to about 488,900 stents implanted in 2001. Complication rates remained unchanged, and the need for emergency coronary artery bypass grafting is still at 0.2% per percutaneous intervention.

Conclusion

Interventional cardiology in Europe is still expanding, mainly due to rapid growth in countries with lower socio-economical levels. Most central European countries reported only minor increases in procedures performed. Coronary stenting remains the only noteworthy adjunctive strategy to balloon angioplasty.

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