Evaluation of the haemodynamic characteristics of drug-eluting stents at implantation and at follow-up

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Abstract

Aims

The aim of this study was to investigate the physiologic parameters: fractional flow reserve (FFR), hyperaemic trans-stent gradient (HTG), and wall shear stress (WSS) at implantation and at 6-month follow-up in the drug-eluting sirolimus stent and in its bare metal counterpart implanted in pairs within the same patient.

Methods and results

Twenty patients, accepted for percutaneous coronary intervention of at least two coronary arteries with comparable vessel and stenosis characteristics, received at random one sirolimus-eluting stent and one bare metal stent (BMS). Coronary pressure, FFR, HTG, and WSS were measured just after stent implantation and at 6-month follow-up. At 6-month follow-up, FFR was significantly higher in the sirolimus group compared with the bare metal group (0.91±0.05 vs. 0.83±0.10, P=0.027) and HTG was significantly lower (1.2±1.2 vs. 7.5±8.1 mmHg, P<0.001). In-stent WSS at 6 months remained normal in the sirolimus group but was elevated in the bare metal group (1.6±0.7 vs 3.9±3.1 Pa, respectively, P=0.003).

Conclusion

The physiologic characteristics of the drug-eluting sirolimus stents were superior to those of the equivalent BMS. Six months after implantation, FFR was significantly higher, HTG was significantly lower in arteries treated by a sirolimus stent, and normal WSS was maintained within the drug-eluting stent.

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