SYNTAX score and Clinical SYNTAX score as predictors of very long-term clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions: a substudy of SIRolimus-eluting stent compared with pacliTAXel-eluting stent for coronary revascularization (SIRTAX) trial

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Abstract

Aims

To investigate the ability of SYNTAX score and Clinical SYNTAX score (CSS) to predict very long-term outcomes in an all-comers population receiving drug-eluting stents.

Methods and results

The SYNTAX score was retrospectively calculated in 848 patients enrolled in the SIRolimus-eluting stent compared with pacliTAXel-Eluting Stent for coronary revascularization (SIRTAX) trial. The CSS was calculated using age, and baseline left ventricular ejection fraction and creatinine clearance. A stratified post hoc comparison was performed for all-cause mortality, cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), ischaemia-driven target lesion revascularization (TLR), definite stent thrombosis, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 1- and 5-year follow-up. Tertiles for SYNTAX score and CSS were defined as SSLOW ≤7, 7< SSMID ≤14, SSHIGH >14 and CSSLOW ≤8.0, 8.0 17.0, respectively. Major adverse cardiac events rates were significantly higher in SSHIGH compared with SSLOW at 1- and 5-year follow-up, which was also seen at 5 years for all-cause mortality, cardiac death, MI, and TLR. Stratifying outcomes across CSS tertiles confirmed and augmented these results. Within CSSHIGH, 5-year MACE increased with use of paclitaxel- compared with sirolimus-eluting stents (34.7 vs. 21.3%, P= 0.008). SYNTAX score and CSS were independent predictors of 5-year MACE; CSS was an independent predictor for 5-year mortality. Areas-under-the-curve for SYNTAX score and CSS for 5-year MACE were 0.61 (0.56–0.65) and 0.62 (0.57–0.67), for 5-year all-cause mortality 0.58 (0.51–0.65) and 0.66 (0.59–0.73) and for 5-year cardiac death 0.63 (0.54–0.72) and 0.72 (0.63–0.81), respectively.

Conclusion

SYNTAX score and to a greater extent CSS were able to stratify risk for very long-term adverse clinical outcomes in an all-comers population receiving drug-eluting stents. Predictive accuracy for 5-year all-cause mortality was improved using CSS.

Conclusion

Trial Registration Number: NCT00297661.

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