The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of left ventricular (LV) systolic dyssynchrony to functional mitral regurgitation (MR).Methods and results
Patients (n = 136) with LV systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction <50%) and at least mild MR were prospectively recruited. The effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA) was assessed by the proximal isovelocity surface area method. Left ventricular global systolic dyssynchrony [the maximal difference in time to peak systolic velocity among the 12 LV segments (Ts-Dif)] and regional systolic dyssynchrony (the delay between the anterolateral and posteromedial papillary muscle attaching sites) were assessed by tissue Doppler imaging. Left ventricular global and regional remodelling, systolic function, indices of mitral valvular and annular deformation were also measured. The size of the EROA correlated with the degrees of mitral deformation, LV remodelling, systolic function, and systolic dyssynchrony. By multivariate logistic regression analysis, the mitral valve tenting area (OR = 1.020, P < 0.001) and the Ts-Dif (OR = 1.011, P = 0.034) were independent determinants of significant functional MR (defined by EROA ≥20 mm2). From the receiver-operating characteristic curve, the tenting area of 2.7 cm2 (sensitivity 83%, specificity 82%, AUC 0.86, P < 0.001) and the Ts-Dif of 85 ms (sensitivity 66%, specificity 72%, AUC 0.74, P < 0.001) were associated with significant functional MR. The assessment of Ts-Dif showed an incremental value over the mitral valve tenting area for determining functional MR (χ2 = 53.92 vs.49.11, P = 0.028).Conclusion
This cross-sectional study showed that LV global, but not regional systolic dyssynchrony, is a determinant of significant functional MR in patients with LV systolic dysfunction, and is incremental to the tenting area that is otherwise the strongest factor for mitral valve deformation.