Importance and management of chronic sleep apnoea in cardiology

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Abstract

Sleep apnoea is a common, yet underestimated, chronic disorder with a major impact on morbidity and mortality in the general population. It is quickly becoming recognized as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular impairment. Hypertension, coronary artery disease, diabetes, cardiovascular rhythm and conduction abnormalities, cerebrovascular disease, and heart failure have all been linked to this syndrome. This review will explore the critical connection between sleep apnoea and chronic cardiovascular diseases while highlighting established and emerging diagnostic and treatment strategies.

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