Feasibility and safety of transseptal puncture procedures for radiofrequency catheter ablation in small children weighing below 30 kg: single-centre experience

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Abstract

Aims

Transseptal puncture (TSP) has become a common approach in catheter ablation of arrhythmia originating from the left atrium. In paediatric patients, however, TSP can be a challenge due to narrower access vessels and small left atrial size, and the safety of TSP in smaller children is yet to be understood. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the feasibility and safety of TSP in children weighing below 30 kg.

Methods and results

Among 655 paediatric patients who underwent catheter ablation of arrhythmia between July 2009 and April 2015, 43 cases having structurally normal hearts, weighing <30 kg and requiring TSP were included in the study. Age, height, body weight, diagnosis, and complications during TSP and catheter ablation were evaluated. The median age, height, and body weight (range) were 7.0 years (0.3–11.1), 116.8 cm (54.0–138.4 cm) and 21.5 kg (4.3–29.6 kg), respectively. Diagnosis included manifest (n = 27; 62.8%) and concealed accessory pathway (n = 14; 32.6%) and atrial tachycardia (n = 2; 4.6%). In 10 cases (23.2%), TSP using radiofrequency energy was performed. None of the patients had major complications. Pericardial effusion was recorded as a minor complication in one patient (2.3%).

Conclusion

TSP was feasible, safe, and of low risk of complications in children weighing <30 kg.

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