The prevalence of sexually transmitted pathogens in patients presenting to a Casablanca STD clinic

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The objective of this study conducted at the sexually transmitted diseases (STD) clinic of the Pasteur Institute of Morocco (SCPIM) is to describe clinical complaints and biological findings in patients attending this facility. Two thousand two hundred sixty-four patients had visited the STD clinic from 1992 to 1996. The main reported symptom was genital discharge for men (44.5%) and women (68.6%). Genital eruption and ulcer were more frequent in men. The principal biological result shows a seroprevalence of 0.62% for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), 3.05% for hepatitis B virus (HBV), 51.5% for chlamydiae and 13.2% for syphilis. Factors associated with clinical findings were age and Gonococcus for men (odds ratio (OR): 1.94 and 5.96, respectively) and Trichomonas and positive TPHA for women (OR: 9.49 and 0.25, respectively). This work describes for the first time the distribution of various germs involved in sexually transmitted diseases in Moroccan population and underlines the importance of studying its sexual behavior as well as determinants of STD incidence.

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