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To investigate the prognostic impact of atherosclerotic renovascular disease in patients with chronic heart failure.Patients with heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography. Renal artery stenosis (RAS) was defined as a luminal narrowing >50%. Of the 366 patients investigated, 112 (31%) had RAS, of whom 41 had bilateral RAS. Patients with RAS were older (P < 0.001), had higher blood pressure (P < 0.001), and worse renal function (P = 0.001). In addition, these patients had more admissions and more prolonged hospital stays because of vascular events (0.09 ± 0.26 vs. 0.02 ± 0.16 admissions/per patient/year; P < 0.001; and 1.26 ± 5.79 vs. 0.31 ± 2.54 days/per patient/year; P < 0.001, respectively) and worse prognosis (hazard ratio 1.60, 95% confidence interval 1.10–2.34, P = 0.015). However, in multivariable analysis, a history of diabetes mellitus, decreasing haemoglobin, and increasing left ventricular end-systolic volume index, but not age and RAS, were independently related to outcome.RAS is a common finding in patients suffering from heart failure. Although it is associated with an increased vascular morbidity, it is not an independent predictor of mortality.