Hard palate deformation in an animal model following quasi-static loading to stimulate that of orthodontic anchorage implants


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Abstract

SUMMARYThe aim of the present investigation was to identify adequate implant treatment for young patients. In an animal model palate deformation was investigated by acute quasi-static loading. Three series of tests (with newborn, young and adult pigs) were performed, each with two groups (one or two-point stress) and 5–7 animals per group. Discs with a diameter of 3 and 5 mm were placed in group 1 in the suture area, and in group 2 at both the right and left sides of the suture. Deformation was analysed by a computerized three-dimensional (3D) photo-imaging evaluation system.In young animals the one-point load at a significantly lower force level led to fractures in comparison with the two-point load (P < 0.001). Similar results were measured by an increase in the size of one disc from 3 to 5 mm (P < 0.001). In contrast, adult pigs showed stable results with both methods. In general, a larger disc diameter led to less instability.The one-point load seems to be suitable for adult animals, whereas a two-point load might be favourable during ossification. The advantage of the two-point load is the generation of a higher stress and therefore improved control of dental fixation. However, further tests are necessary to investigate the long-term effects.

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