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ADDITIONAL ARTICLES ABSTRACTED IN ACP JOURNAL CLUB
How many Cochrane reviews are needed to cover existing evidence on the effects of healthcare interventions?
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Numbers needed to treat derived from meta-analysis: a word of caution.
Numbers needed to treat derived from meta-analysis: a word of caution.
Amlodipine or lisinopril was not better than chlorthalidone in lowering CHD risk in hypertension
Pravastatin was not better than usual care in reducing all cause mortality or CHD events
Pravastatin lowered coronary disease risk in elderly persons with or at risk of vascular disease
Review: PTCA reduces adverse cardiac outcomes and death better than thrombolytics after myocardial infarction
Manipulative therapy and a low load exercise regimen each reduced the frequency and intensity of cervicogenic headache
Tamoxifen reduced breast cancer risk but increased risks of thromboembolic events and all cause mortality in women
Review: antibiotics reduce the rate of clinical failure in children with persistent nasal discharge
Review: continuous positive airway pressure therapy improves subjective and objective sleepiness in obstructive sleep apnoea
A management strategy that controls lower airway eosinophilic inflammation and symptoms reduced exacerbations in asthma
Review: self management education improves outcomes in children and adolescents with asthma
Review: regular medical review is equivalent to written self management plans for optimising asthma control in adults
In children with moderate dehydration, oral rehydration reduced ED stay and staff time compared with intravenous rehydration
Gabapentin improved sensory and motor symptoms in the restless legs syndrome
Review: most herbal treatments have no benefit for menopausal symptoms
Single dose mifepristone, single dose levonorgestrel, or 2 dose levonorgestrel were effective emergency contraceptives
Review: ambulatory blood pressure monitoring predicts clinical outcomes
White matter changes, creatinine, age, and ankle arm index predicted incident MRI defined infarctions in older adults
Review: usual blood pressure is directly related to vascular mortality throughout middle and old age
Review: evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to assist patient adherence to prescribed medications is limited
Review: patient reminder or recall systems improve immunisation rates
Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms was cost effective for prolonging survival from AAA related death in older men
Collaborative care involving pharmacotherapy was cost effective for increasing anxiety free days in panic disorder
Review: day hospital is not more effective than inpatient care but is associated with modest cost savings in acute psychiatric disorders
Preliminary clinical criteria had moderate sensitivity but low specificity for detecting osteoporosis in rheumatoid arthritis
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