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Jottings . . .
Making sense of diagnostic tests likelihood ratios
Simplified calculations using likelihood ratios
Why is evidence-based medicine important?
Evidently…*
Telephone care was more effective than standard care for smoking cessation in daily smokers
Combined budesonide and formoterol for maintenance and relief provided better asthma control than budesonide for maintenance and terbutaline for relief
Addition of salmeterol to usual asthma pharmacotherapy may increase respiratory related deaths or life threatening experiences
Review: vaccines prevent influenza and influenza-like illness in healthy children >2 years of age
Review: antiviral agents reduce the risk of influenza in healthy adults and alleviate symptoms faster than placebo
Delivery of 100%, 40%, and blow-by humidity did not differ for change in croup scores in children with moderate croup
Clopidogrel plus aspirin did not differ from aspirin alone for reducing MI, stroke, and CV death in high risk atherothrombosis
Review: ACE inhibitors delay microalbuminuria in diabetes without nephropathy and reduce mortality in diabetic nephropathy
Review: the renoprotective effects of ACE inhibitors and ARBs independent of blood pressure control are uncertain
Laparoscopic surgery was better than an intensive non-surgical intervention for weight loss in mild to moderate obesity
Review: behaviour therapy is effective for insomnia
Black cohosh and St John’s wort reduced climacteric and depressive symptoms
Calcium did not prevent fractures in elderly women
Review: sparse evidence supports lifestyle modifications for reducing symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease
Review: topical quinolones are better than systemic antibiotics for chronic suppurative otitis media at up to 2 weeks
Response to a 2 week continuous positive airway pressure trial accurately identified patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome
Review: computed tomographic colonography is accurate for medium and large colorectal polyps and cancer
Albumin to creatinine ratio in 2 random urine samples was an accurate screening test for albuminuria in diabetic pregnancies
Review: magnetic resonance imaging alone is of limited usefulness in diagnosing multiple sclerosis
Physical exertion at work during pregnancy did not increase risk of preterm delivery or fetal growth restriction
Resource review
Additional articles abstracted in ACP Journal Club
Other articles noted
Glossary