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Purpose and procedure
Jottings …
Knowledge-to-action cycle
Evidence-based medicine targets the individual patient, part 1: how clinicians can use study results to determine optimal individual care
‘Self testing but not self managing’
‘Self testing but not self managing’
Dare to be RISCY!
Evidently…
Telling smokers their “lung age” promoted successful smoking cessation
Telling smokers their “lung age” promoted successful smoking cessation
Review: cranberry products may prevent urinary tract infection in women with recurrent infections
Review: cranberry products may prevent urinary tract infection in women with recurrent infections
Honey, not dextromethorphan, was better than no treatment for nocturnal cough in children with upper respiratory infections.
Honey, not dextromethorphan, was better than no treatment for nocturnal cough in children with upper respiratory infections.
Altering the glycaemic index or carbohydrate intake did not affect glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes
Altering the glycaemic index or carbohydrate intake did not affect glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes
Adjustable gastric banding plus conventional therapy improved glycaemic control in obese patients with type 2 diabetes
Adjustable gastric banding plus conventional therapy improved glycaemic control in obese patients with type 2 diabetes
A personalised intervention reduced weight regain in overweight and obese adults who had recently lost weight
A personalised intervention reduced weight regain in overweight and obese adults who had recently lost weight
Review: paroxetine and placebo do not differ for treatment discontinuation in major depression
Review: paroxetine and placebo do not differ for treatment discontinuation in major depression
Review: α-antagonists and calcium channel blockers both improve spontaneous expulsion of kidney stones
Review: α-antagonists and calcium channel blockers both improve spontaneous expulsion of kidney stones
Review: reduction in resting heart rate after taking β-blockers or calcium-channel blockers reduce mortality and morbidity after MI
Review: reduction in resting heart rate after taking β-blockers or calcium-channel blockers reduce mortality and morbidity after MI
Review: statins prevent stroke and reduce mortality
Review: statins prevent stroke and reduce mortality
Dexamethasone and placebo did not differ for respiratory status change or hospital admission in infants with acute bronchiolitis
Dexamethasone and placebo did not differ for respiratory status change or hospital admission in infants with acute bronchiolitis
Review: azathioprine, infliximab, certolizumab, and adalimumab are effective for maintaining remission in Crohn’s disease
Review: azathioprine, infliximab, certolizumab, and adalimumab are effective for maintaining remission in Crohn’s disease
Review: lack of evidence that multifactorial risk assessment and targeted interventions prevent falls in elderly people
Review: lack of evidence that multifactorial risk assessment and targeted interventions prevent falls in elderly people
CT pulmonary angiography was not inferior to ventilation–perfusion lung scanning for ruling out PE
CT pulmonary angiography was not inferior to ventilation–perfusion lung scanning for ruling out PE
A rapid antibody test had high specificity but low sensitivity for diagnosing coeliac disease
A rapid antibody test had high specificity but low sensitivity for diagnosing coeliac disease
Albumin:creatinine ratio using an automated analyser was accurate for diagnosing proteinuria in pregnancy
Albumin:creatinine ratio using an automated analyser was accurate for diagnosing proteinuria in pregnancy
Age, sex, and functional impairment predicted risk of mortality in incident dementia at 14 years
Age, sex, and functional impairment predicted risk of mortality in incident dementia at 14 years
Young women’s risk of first HPV infection was high and increased when the first male partner was sexually experienced
Young women’s risk of first HPV infection was high and increased when the first male partner was sexually experienced
Review: symptom-based action plans reduce acute care visits more than peak flow-based plans in children with asthma
Review: symptom-based action plans reduce acute care visits more than peak flow-based plans in children with asthma
QRISK underestimated risk of CVD in general practice patients; the Framingham score overestimated risk
QRISK underestimated risk of CVD in general practice patients; the Framingham score overestimated risk
Nordenstrom J. Evidence-based medicine in Sherlock Holmes’ footsteps. London: Wiley-Blackwell, 2006.
Smith R. The trouble with medical journals. London: Royal Society of Medicine Press, 2006.
Additional articles abstracted in ACP Journal Club
Other articles noted
Glossary