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Statistics for evidence-based nursing
Evidence-Based Nursing: past, present, and future
In newborns, changing parenteral nutrition sets every 48 hours rather than every 24 hours did not increase infusate contamination
Iron supplemented formula milk prevented iron deficiency anaemia and reduced developmental declines in infants from inner city areas
Parent application of eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics seemed to be as effective as clinician application for reducing children's pain and distress during intravenous insertion
A low dose of albuterol (salbutamol) by metered dose inhaler (MDI) with a spacer was as effective as higher doses by MDI or low doses by nebuliser in children with mild acute asthma
A school based, interdisciplinary curriculum in grades 6 and 7 reduced obesity in girls
HIV prevention videos increased “condom use self efficacy” and actual condom use
A psychoeducational programme increased knowledge and decreased sexual risk behaviours in young adults with genital herpes
Review: health education interventions offering information plus sexual negotiation skill development promote increased condom use in women
Parents who received transfer preparation had lower anxiety about their children's transfer from the paediatric intensive care unit to a general paediatric ward
Review: poor quality studies suggest that vitamin B-6 is beneficial in premenstrual syndrome
A worksite health promotion intervention improved employees' nutrition
A coping skills group and peer telephone support had similar effects on role performance, adaptability, and wellbeing in patients with multiple sclerosis
Counselling after a myocardial infarction improved mood for patients and their partners and decreased patient functional limitations
Review: counselling and education reduce cardiovascular risk factors but not mortality
Review: supplemented enteral nutrition reduces infectious complications and length of hospital stay in patients with critical illness
Behaviour therapies reduced urinary incontinence in older adults who were homebound and cognitively intact
A behavioural intervention improved cognitive function and depression in elderly people in residential homes
Diastolic blood pressure and weight gain predicted future risk of hypertension
Parents experiencing a perinatal death found that their interactions with social institutions devalued their loss
Women with ovarian cancer during childbearing years felt that they looked normal, but “in [their] skin, [they were] different”
Adults with chronic low back pain felt frustrated, unsupported, and powerless with healthcare, social, and legal systems
Patients with schizophrenia valued self empowerment, understanding how self related to illness, and coping with relapse
Adults with disabilities who reported excellent or good quality of life had established a balance of body, mind, and spirit
Caregivers of family members with dementia were involved in a dynamic decision making process to maintain tolerable situations
Glossary